ISO 14001 standard is a voluntary international standard aimed at implementing an Environmental Management System of organizations. An environmental management system includes, among others, the following activities:
An Environmental Management system is a method that makes one’s action towards the community of reference transparent and evident, that can be documented and traced, and contributes to a new way of relating to administrators and citizens, as well as having possible ì positive impacts on the economic side (Eg. lower waste production = lower costs to be paid for disposal).
The phases of a project to implement an Environmental Management System are mainly the following
The ISO 14001 compliant system can be subjected to verification of compliance with the international standard by a Certification Body. The certification process foresees, after the development and a suitable implementation period within the company of the management system; the audit by the same Certification Body, through two phases conducted separately. In particular, the. Stage 1 audit in which an analysis is carried out on the compliance of the documented information prepared and on compliance with the main applicable legislative requirements, the Stage 2 during which the application and effectiveness of the implemented system is verified.
The audit of the Certification Body is aimed at assessing the compliance of the management system with the reference standard with respect to a specific operational area specified by the organization (so-called “certification scope”).
Advantages and impacts related to the implementation of an ISO 14001 system:
Benefits for institutions